Rules for Use of TVA Public Lands
The United States of America owns and TVA manages approximately 293,000 acres of land Valley-wide (TVA public lands) as part of our mission of service. Much of this land is undeveloped, meaning just that—wild land available for informal recreation, untouched by civilization and free from modern facilities. Popular activities on these lands include hunting, hiking, birdwatching and camping.
Developed lands come with amenities such as swim beaches and fishing berms, campgrounds and picnic pavilions. The options for fun on these developed lands—while by necessity tamer—are plentiful.
We invite you to use and enjoy these beautiful public lands and to help us preserve them for future generations. All uses of TVA public lands are subject to federal, state and local laws, rules and regulations. If there is a conflict between federal rules/laws and other laws, federal rules/laws prevail. Failure to comply may result in immediate removal from the property and other actions deemed appropriate by TVA and/or law enforcement officials.
The following rules apply to all TVA public lands unless otherwise posted; specific rules for the use of developed and undeveloped TVA public lands are outlined below.
Trash and litter
- Leaving trash or litter on TVA property is prohibited. Anything determined to be trash or litter in TVA’s sole discretion is subject to immediate disposal. Charges may apply.
- Cutting, damaging, pulling up or driving nails into trees, shrubs or other vegetation is prohibited. Violators will be subject to all costs associated with the property damage, including the value of the damaged vegetation and/or the cost to restore the vegetation.
- Hanging lanterns on trees is prohibited (the heat from a lantern will cause damage to and potentially kill a tree).
- Obey all fire restrictions. Do not leave campfires unattended. Campers are responsible for keeping fires under control. Fires may be limited or prohibited at certain times. Campfires must be completely extinguished before leaving the area. Campers are encouraged to buy local firewood to minimize the spread of invasive pests (please check sites such as www.dontmovefirewood.org for more information). Cutting live or standing trees on TVA property for firewood or other uses is prohibited.
Land-disturbing and other activities
- Construction of temporary or permanent structures on TVA property without approval or that are not otherwise regulated is prohibited. Unapproved structures will be subject to immediate removal and disposal at TVA's sole discretion. Charges may apply.
- The excavation, removal, damage, alteration or defacement of federal property—including but not limited to signs, kiosks, fences, boundary markers or vehicular barriers—is prohibited. Violators will be subject to all costs associated with property damage. Any activity affecting archaeological resources is a felony offense and is prohibited by federal law.
- The operation or use of any noise-producing device in such a manner as to unreasonably disturb, annoy or endanger others is prohibited.
Rules for Use of Undeveloped TVA Public Lands
Length of stay
- Stays on undeveloped TVA public lands are limited to a maximum of 14 consecutive days within any 30-day period, unless otherwise posted. After 14 days, users must move at least one river mile before re-establishing a site.
- All personal property, including but not limited to vehicles and vessels, on TVA property after the 14-day stay limit are subject to impoundment and/or immediate removal at TVA’s sole discretion. Charges may apply.
- Recreational use of motorized vehicles, including but not limited to all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and off-road vehicles (ORVs), on TVA public lands—including within reservoir drawdown is prohibited.
- Unattended recreational vehicles (RVs) and personal property may not be left overnight.
Hunting, firearms and alcohol
- Hunting and fishing are permitted on undeveloped TVA public lands in accordance with applicable federal, state and local laws, rules and regulations, unless otherwise posted. Please note, however, that hunting is prohibited on other TVA lands—such as TVA dam reservations, power plant reservations, power substations and developed recreation areas (such as campgrounds and day-use areas)—unless otherwise posted.
- Possession and use of firearms and other weapons are permissible on undeveloped TVA public lands subject to all applicable federal, state and local laws, rules and regulations, unless otherwise posted. If there is a conflict between federal rules/laws and other laws, federal rules/laws prevail.
- Consumption of alcohol on undeveloped TVA public lands is governed by applicable federal, state and local laws, rules and regulations, unless otherwise posted.
Rules for Use of Developed TVA Public Lands
Developed TVA public lands offer amenities to enhance the user experience. Examples of developed TVA public lands include dam reservation campgrounds, pavilions and day use areas. See TVA Day Use Areas and Pavilion Rules for more information. Campers must follow Campground Rules and Regulations.